Avoidance and removal classification

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What's the difference between removal and avoidance classification?

In the context of carbon projects, the terms “removal” and “avoidance” refer to different approaches for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. 


Here’s an explanation of removal and avoidance classification:


Removal Carbon Project

A removal carbon project focuses on removing or sequestering carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. It involves activities that actively capture and store carbon, thereby reducing the overall concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere. 


Examples of removal projects include afforestation (planting new forests), reforestation (restoring and managing existing forests), and projects that enhance soil carbon storage. These projects directly contribute to reducing net emissions by increasing the amount of carbon stored in vegetation and soils.


Avoidance Carbon Project

An avoidance carbon project aims to avoid or prevent the release of GHG emissions that would otherwise occur. It involves implementing measures or technologies that reduce or eliminate emissions from specific sources. 


Examples of avoidance projects include the installation of renewable energy systems (e.g., solar panels or wind turbines) to replace fossil fuel-based energy generation, energy efficiency initiatives that reduce energy consumption and associated emissions, or projects that capture and destroy methane emissions from landfills or agricultural activities. 


These projects help mitigate emissions by preventing them from entering the atmosphere in the first place.



In summary, removal carbon projects focus on capturing and storing carbon to reduce atmospheric CO2 levels, while avoidance carbon projects focus on preventing the release of GHG emissions altogether. 


Both approaches play a crucial role in addressing climate change and achieving carbon neutrality by reducing net emissions and stabilizing the concentration of GHGs in the atmosphere.


To view the method classifications on more than 16,600 carbon projects around the world visit, try VAI. 

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